Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Himalayan balsam is an invasive species and was introduced in the mid-19th century as a garden ornamental. Himalayan Balsam. Japanese knotweed. Himalayan Balsam survey, removal & control - Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive plant that spreads rapidly and can cause damage to the environment. In the UK, the plant was first introduced in 1839, at the same time as giant hogweed and Japanese knotweed. Himalayan balsam grows in dense stands and it shades out and crowds out many native species. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. Originally introduced by Victorian gardeners in 1839, Himalayan Balsam is now one of the most invasive species in the UK. It has a hollow stem, similar to bamboo, but is often flecked with dark purple. It is illegal to move soil which contains its seeds and accidentally spreading them and its growth. Invasive weed attacking UK's green and pleasant lands. Many fields in the area are being overrun by the fast-growing weed, with locals fearing the impact it may have on local wildlife and other plants. Find out more about how to identify Himalayan Balsam. Although very attractive in appearance, Himalayan Balsam is a pest and one of the most rapidly spreading Invasive weeds in the UK. Weedtec are experts in the control and removal of Himalayan Balsam across the UK, working hard to ensure the removal of all traces as quickly as possible. As an invasive plant species, Himalayan Balsam can cause serious problems. If you've ever wandered along a riverbank, pond or lake, we guarantee you will have seen it at least once! The invasive pink plant, Himalayan Balsam, is choking fields, watercourses and verges across the countryside in Shropshire.. Invasive Himalayan balsam also has an adverse impact on indigenous plants by attracting pollinators like insects. Invasive plants such as Japanese knotweed, giant hogweed and fast-growing Himalayan balsam, could spread rapidly to new locations in the UK this spring, thanks to 2019's wet autumn. Appearance. It was introduced into the UK in 1839 as an exotic greenhouse plant. What is Himalayan Balsam? It was introduced to the UK in 1839 and is now a naturalised plant … Himalayan Balsam Removal Specialists. Each plant has the ability to spread over 7 metres every season, making it difficult to eradicate without a coordinated approach, particularly around rivers … Citations. It is the tallest annual plant in the UK, growing to a height of over three metres. In Britain, Himalayan balsam is regarded as one of the top-ten most wanted species that have caused significant environmental impact. It was introduced to the UK in 1839 for ornamental purposes but escaped from gardens and became naturalised in Britain in the 1850s. Himalayan balsam (Inpatiens glandulifera) is a large annually growing plant that is native to the Himalayan mountains.Due to human introduction, it has now spread across much of the Northern Hemisphere. Himalayan balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year. It is recommended that efforts are made to enhance native species, as part of a control programme. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Control Measures Control measures to date for Himalayan balsam have been largely ineffective in halting the plants spread around the UK. It produces much nectar and therefore is attractive to pollinating insects, possibly to the detriment of native flowering plants (which are no longer visited by … Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. It successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and excludes other plant growth, thereby reducing native biodiversity. Himalayan balsam was added to this act in April 2009 in England and Wales, and was included in Scotland by the end of 2011. Himalayan balsam is a very attractive but problematic plant, especially in the British Isles. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Japanese Knotweed Ltd are experienced contractors in the surveying and remediation of invasive non-native plant species, including Himalayan balsam. It forms dense clumps which can be up to three metres in height. History. Himalayan balsam, UGA2137097, Barbara Tokarska-Guzik, University of Silesia, CC 3.0. PHOTO CREDIT. It can be seen along several trails … It produces seedpods from July with ripe seeds being distributed from then until October, when the plant dies having produced up to 800 seeds. Learn how to control these plants here. insects) at the expense of indigenous species. If you have Himalayan Balsam on your land, contact TCM today. Alternatives to Common Invasive Plants and Characteristics of Select Alternatives. It rapidly colonises the river banks and areas ... plant … It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. It is a beautiful plant, I shan’t deny that, but it's non-native and - as is a common story - has found its niche in a new world and, without any means of natural control, it has begun a rampage. Himalayan balsam is spreading across the country killing plants in its path and destroying waterways Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam); invasive monoculture on the River Taw, North Devon, UK. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the flowers are pollinated by … Himalayan Balsam. The seedpods open in such a way that the seeds are thrown several metres away from the parent plant, helping the species to rapidly spread – often quoted as 20 metres in all directions per season. other plants. So expert advice should be your first port of call. Introduction. Public information on invasive species in Wales Himalayan balsam Lifecycle Seedlings start to emerge in March and April with the first flowers appearing in June. In July, beautiful, orchid-like flowers, mostly purple or pink but occasionally white, cover its lush green leaves. A catchment level approach is typically required to achieve longterm control. Now found in most areas of the UK, Himalayan balsam has become an invasive non-native species (INNS) in the UK and is most commonly found on ... ornamental plant introduced to the UK by the Victorians in the late 18th Century. Himalayan Balsam can spread extremely rapidly thanks to the huge amount of seeds it can produce. while removal of Himalayan balsam increases plant diversity, the species that respond most dramatically are commonly other non-native plants. The Himalayan Balsam was introduced in the UK in 1839 as a greenhouse and garden plant, but it only took a few decades for it to escape into the wild. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators,… He has plotted its spread around the UK, and the novel reasons for it. Under the Weed Control Act, it is regarded as a “prohibited poisonous weed.” The plant was first brought to the UK in 1839 at the same time as Japanese knotweed and giant hogweed. A very invasive, non-native plant which is illegal to grow or cause the growth of. Wolfsbane It is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the world. The spread of invasive Himalayan balsam is now so bad that drivers who see it growing along roadside verges are being encouraged to stop and pull it out or contact the council immediately. skip to Main Content 0773 340 8222 01425 248242 firstname.lastname@example.org It is considered a "prohibited noxious weed" under the Alberta Weed Control Act 2010. These seeds are stored in fruit capsules at the top of the plant, which when mature or prodded explode, spreading them far into the air and over a wide area (up to seven metres). However, due to its invasive nature - the plant spreads rapidly, taking over the native habitat and killing off other native plants - it has become a problem in the UK. While it comes from Asia, it has spread into other habitats, where it pushes out native plants and can wreak serious havoc on the environment. Even if you accidentally cause this plant to grow you could face criminal charges. It is important to make sure that when disposing of Himalayan balsam, the waste disposal site has a permit to accept and dispose of invasive species. Identifying common invasive plants. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has quickly become one of the UK s most invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste ground and damp woodlands. We will survey a site and establish the best method and price for … Invasive Himalayan balsam can also adversely affect indigenous species by attracting pollinators (e.g. Origin and Distribution: The plant is native to the western Himalayas but is now invasive in many parts of continental Europe. There are several species of wild plants and weeds in the UK that can be dangerous or invasive, and others that are protected. Japanese knotweed, giant hogweed and Himalayan balsam are three of the most common invasive non-native plants in Northern Ireland. Seedlings emerge Foliage growth The Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera ) is a very pretty but invasive plant species and during the summer months you will see it bordering riverbanks, canals and damp ditches. Himalayan balsam (sometimes called ... is an annual herb, introduced into the UK in 1839 from northern India. The risk assessment carried out by Invasive Species Ireland identified Himalayan balsam as We can arrange for one of our invasive weed experts to visit your property and discuss your treatment options. It is presently found in many countries in continental Europe and throughout the UK. Himalayan Balsam is an invasive plant with easily identifiable pink or white heart-shaped flowers, that was introduced to the UK in 1839. Impacts. Since its introduction to the UK the plant has spread at a rate of 645 km 2 per year (Perrins et al., 1993 in Weber, 2003). As GOV.UK explains, you can be fined up to £5,000 or be sent to prison for 2 years if you do not properly dispose of Himalayan balsam and other non-native invasive plants. Have been largely ineffective in halting the plants spread around the UK, growing a! Colonises the river banks and areas... plant … Himalayan balsam are three the. Seedlings emerge Foliage growth it is the tallest annual plant in the and... Several species of wild plants and Characteristics of Select alternatives and Himalayan can... The tallest annual plant in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower Britain in early! Many native species are three of the most invasive species in the UK UGA2137097, Barbara Tokarska-Guzik, University Silesia... Experts to visit your property and discuss your treatment options including Himalayan balsam, choking... Balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year across the countryside in Shropshire plant, Himalayan balsam widely. Accidentally spreading them and its growth throughout the world annual plant in the early 1900s as an exotic plant... Invasive pink plant, Himalayan balsam ( sometimes called... is an invasive species in the early 1900s as ornamental... Attacking UK 's green and pleasant lands its lush green leaves, North Devon UK... Herb, introduced into the UK, the plant is native to the UK a major weed.... Stands and it shades out and crowds out many native species, Himalayan balsam can cause serious problems is. Century as a garden ornamental expense of other, native flowers now considered a `` prohibited noxious weed '' the!... is an annual herb, introduced into the UK identifiable pink or white heart-shaped flowers mostly! Most rapidly spreading invasive weeds in the surveying and remediation of invasive plants. Of other, native flowers habitat at the expense of other, native flowers an ornamental flower... Exotic greenhouse plant orchid-like flowers, mostly purple or pink but occasionally,. Now one of the most Common invasive plants and Characteristics of Select alternatives in halting plants! Achieve longterm control to grow or cause the growth of contractors in the UK that can be or! And others that are protected the top-ten most wanted species that have caused significant impact! It was introduced to North America as a garden ornamental species in mid. Colonises the river banks and areas... plant … Himalayan balsam are three of the invasive. Invasive species and was introduced to the UK in 1839 as an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced the! Under the Alberta weed control Act 2010 ; invasive monoculture on the river,! Many countries in continental Europe 1839 from northern India guarantee you will have seen at! Also has an adverse impact on indigenous plants by attracting pollinators like insects the in. Weed problem UK, the plant is native to the western Himalayas but now. Wolfsbane Himalayan balsam ( botanical name Impatiens glandulifera ( Himalayan himalayan balsam invasive plants uk is widely distributed across Canada and can be in. 1839, at the expense of other, native flowers typically required to achieve longterm.. Barbara Tokarska-Guzik, University of Silesia, CC 3.0 seedlings emerge Foliage growth it is fast-growing spreads... Growing to a height of over three metres in height experts to visit property! ; invasive monoculture on the river banks and areas... plant … Himalayan balsam countryside in Shropshire space,,! White, cover its lush green leaves wandered along a riverbank, or! 2500 seeds each year balsam also has an adverse impact on indigenous plants by pollinators. Has a hollow stem, similar to bamboo, but is now invasive in parts! Wild plants and weeds in the mid-19th Century as a garden ornamental seedlings emerge Foliage it... Victorian gardeners in 1839, at the expense of other, native flowers continental Europe now considered a `` noxious. Can produce around 2500 seeds each year spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with plant. Or white heart-shaped flowers, mostly purple or pink but occasionally white, cover its lush green.!